Similarities between Islam, Judaism and  Christianity

Beliefs about God and prophets

There are many similarities between Judaism, Christianity and Islam.  There is general agreement that God is the Creator, and is the God of Abraham.  The concept of God is exactly the same in Judaism and Islam, as in the First Commandment   The names of God in the Semitic languages are similar.

 

Judaism

Christianity

Islam

There is only One God, the Creator of the Universe, who is All-Powerful, Gracious and Merciful, the God of Abraham

Yes

Yes

Yes  

The First Commandment: One God

One

Triune

One

The similarity of the commonly used name of God in the Semitic languages (Hebrew, Aramaic and Arabic)

Elaha

Alaha

Allah

Moses is a Prophet of God, and the Torah is God's Word.

Yes

Yes

Yes

Jesus is a Prophet of God, and the Gospel is God's Word.

No

Yes

Yes

Muhammad is a Prophet of God, and the Quran is God's Word.

?

?

Yes

Beliefs about Mary and Jesus

In the beliefs regarding Mary and Jesus, the Islam is much closer to Christianity  than is Judaism.  While the Jews do not believe in Mary and Jesus, the Muslims have several beliefs that are same or similar:  The Annunciation, the Virgin birth, the miracles performed by Jesus like raising the dead, the Ascension of Jesus to Heaven. 

There are some significant differences, which are a topic for a separate discussion.  Muslims even believe in the Second Coming of Jesus, that it will be Jesus himself, while the Orthodox Jews do not expect Jesus to be their Messiah in a Second Coming.

 

Judaism

Christianity

Islam

Mary is the most blessed woman in Creation

No

Yes

Yes

Jesus was born to Mary by the command of God, a Virgin Birth.

No

Yes

Yes

Jesus healed the lepers and blind and raised the dead by God's power

No

Yes

Yes

The  disciples followed Jesus and preached the Gospel

No

Yes

Yes

God raised Jesus up to Heaven

No

Yes

Yes

Jesus will return in a Second Coming

No

Yes

Yes

 
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